Productivity, aboveground biomass, nutrient uptake and carbon content in fast-growing tree plantations of native and introduced species in the Southern Region of Costa Rica

  • Arias D
  • Calvo-Alvarado J
  • Richter D
 et al. 
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Early growth performance of four native and two introduced tree species
was studied during six years at 13 sites in the southern region of Costa
Rica. Selected study sites represent a wide environmental gradient.The
selected species were: Pinus caribaea Morelet var hondurensis (Barret y
Golfari) and Gmelina arborea Roxb as the introduced species, and
Terminalia amazonia (J.F. Gmelin) Exell, Vochysia ferruginea Mart.,
Vochysia guatemalensis Donn. Sm. and Hieronyma alchorneoides Fr.
Allemao. A study about the distribution of aboveground biomass,
nutrients and total carbon content of these young plantations by
compartments (branches, stem, bark and leaves) was also conducted.
Biomass equations for tree compartments were fitted simultaneously using
the data corresponding to 24 trees felled. Total export quantities of
nutrient from stem and bark biomass were estimated in order to conduct
an evaluation of the potential effect of harvesting these species on
soil nutrient reserves. The data presented in this study related to
plantation growth, aboveground biomass and nutrient concentration and C
content by tree compartment, aboveground biomass equations by tree
compartment, soil nutrient reserves, stability indices can be used as a
reference for: a) selection of tree species vs site characteristics, b)
estimation of nutrient export by stem + bark harvesting, c) planning for
a second rotation, c) maintenance of site productivity and d) generate
better carbon sequestration estimations. Crown Copyright (C) 2011
Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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  • D Arias

  • J Calvo-Alvarado

  • D deB. Richter

  • A Dohrenbusch

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