Prognostic value of the detection of lymph node micrometastases in colon cancer

  • Roig C
  • Roselló-Sastre E
  • Hernández S
 et al. 
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Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: A study is made of the clinical repercussions of occult metastases-micrometastases (MMs+)-or isolated tumour cells (ITCs+) in the lymph nodes of patients with stage IIA and IIB colon adenocarcinoma initially considered as corresponding to N0. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 39 patients with stage IIA and IIB (T3-T4 N0 M0) colon adenocarcinoma, subjected to similar surgical and adjuvant chemotherapy treatment, with long and careful follow-up (minimum: 5 years, mean: 81.7 months) was performed on their previously resected lymph nodes, with the aid of new histological and immunohistochemical (cytokeratin) sections, in order to detect MMs or ITCs. Disease-free survival (DFS) and global survival (GS) in the two groups (patients with MMs+ or ITCs+ vs. patients without MMs or ITCs) were compared at 5 years based on the corresponding Kaplan-Meier survival curves, with the Breslow test. RESULTS: A total of 382 lymph nodes from the 39 patients (mean: 9.8; standard deviation: 6.09) were revised. MMs+ were detected in 2 cases and ITCs+ in 2 more cases on the Cytokeratin study. GS of the whole series at 5 years was 89.74% (35 patients alive) with a DFS at 5 years of 79.49% (31 patients free of disease), but the 2 cases with MMs+ were dead at 5 years, with high statistical differences between both groups (MMs+/MMs-) (p

Author-supplied keywords

  • Colon cancer
  • Disease-free survival
  • Global survival
  • Lymph nodes
  • Micrometastases

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Authors

  • Carlos E.Bosch Roig

  • Ester Roselló-Sastre

  • Sonia Alonso Hernández

  • Daniel Almenar Cubells

  • Enrique Grau Cardona

  • Natalia Camarasa Lillo

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