Objective: The Family Health Program proposes a new dynamics for the structuring of health service, as well as for its relationship with the community in its different levels of care. The aim of the present study was to analyze the significance of teamwork for professionals working in the Family Health Program. Methods: The study was carried out in the city of Conchas, Southeastern Brazil, in 2004. We used a qualitative approach based on phenomenology as an attempt to reveal the essence of the reality experienced by eight professionals from two Family Health Program teams. Results: Themes revealed that teamwork is characterized by dedication to daily activities. Interaction among all members is required for integral action, although there are differences in ideology and conduct between professionals. Close contact with families has allowed for more efficient interventions, and integrated work is essential for efficacious, high-quality care. Conclusions: The phenomenon unveiled gives origin to a new perspective of action for professionals and furthers our understanding of multiprofessional teamwork. © 2007 Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo.
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