Prolonged use of benzodiazepines is associated with childhood trauma in opioid-maintained patients.

  • Vogel M
  • KM D
  • Walter M
 et al. 
  • 1


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A


    Citations of this article.


BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepine (BZD) misuse in opioid-maintained patients is widespread and has been related to poorer treatment success. Associated factors, in particular, traumatic childhood experiences, have not been investigated extensively. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey including the childhood trauma questionnaire (CTQ) and clinical data among 193 patients prescribed oral opioids or injectable diacetylmorphine for opioid dependence. RESULTS: BZD use was prevalent (61%) and the burden of childhood traumatic experiences was high with 67% reporting at least one trauma subscore of moderate-to-severe level. In univariate analysis, CTQ-subcategories 'emotional abuse' (p

Author-supplied keywords

  • Age Factors
  • Analgesics
  • Antianxiety Agents
  • Benzodiazepine -- Adverse Effe
  • Benzodiazepine -- Therapeutic
  • Benzodiazepine -- Urine
  • Child
  • Child Abuse
  • Child Abuse -- Psychosocial Factors
  • Comorbidity
  • Cross Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Human
  • Logistic Regression
  • Male
  • Methadone -- Therapeutic Use
  • Methadone -- Urine
  • Opioid -- Adverse Effects
  • Opioid -- Therapeutic Use
  • Opioid -- Urine
  • Psychological Tests
  • Questionnaires
  • Substance Use Disorders -- Drug Therapy
  • Substance Use Disorders -- Epidemiology
  • Substance Use Disorders -- Psychosocial Factors
  • Time Factors
  • Violence

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • M Vogel

  • Dürsteler-Macfarland KM

  • M Walter

  • J Strasser

  • S Fehr

  • L Prieto

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free