Prolonged Exposure Therapy for Chronic Combat-Related PTSD: A Case Report of Five Veterans

  • Nacasch N
  • Foa E
  • Fostick L
 et al. 
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Prolonged exposure (PE) therapy has been found efficient in reducing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms mostly among rape victims, but has not been explored in combat-related PTSD. Five patients with severe chronic PTSD, unresponsive to previous treatment (medication and supportive therapy) are described. Patients were evaluated with the PTSD Symptom Scale-Interview, and Beck Depression Inventory, before and after 10-15 sessions of PE therapy. All five patients showed marked improvement with PE, with a mean decrease of 48% in PTSD Symptom Scale-Interview score and 69% in Beck Depression Inventory score. Moreover, four patients maintained treatment gains or kept improving 6-18 months after the treatment. The results suggest that PE was effective in reducing combat-related chronic PTSD symptoms.

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  • N Nacasch

  • E B Foa

  • L Fostick

  • M Polliack

  • Y Dinstein

  • D Tzur

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