BACKGROUNDS: Menorrhagia - heavy, extended or irregular menstruations - may be associated with endometrial hyperplasia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of transcervical rollerball endometrial ablation (EA-R) and to discuss surgical outcomes in patients with simple endometrial hyperplasia without atypia who have had a history of medical treatment failure or recurrence.
METHODS: A prospective study was designed. Thirty women underwent EA-R. Preoperative and postoperative menstrual status, sexual activity, and satisfaction with the procedure were assessed. Complications, clinical outcomes, and need for re-intervention were evaluated.
RESULTS: No major complications occurred. All patients were discharged from hospital within 24 h. A reduction of menorrhagia was observed in patients as follows: 17 patients (56.67%) had amenorrhea, 10 (33.33%) hypomenorrhea, and 2 (6.67%) eumenorrhea. Hysterectomy was performed only in 1 patient who was unresponsive to ablation treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: In selected patients who have persistent uterine bleeding not responsive to conservative therapy, low risk for future endometrial cancer, and wish to retain their uterus, EA-R treatment is safe, effective, and might be an alternative to hysterectomy with good toleration and high rate of patient satisfaction. The advantages of EA-R include low incidence of complications, lower morbidity, shorter hospitalization, and faster recovery.
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