Protection Motivation Theory and Adherence to Sport Injury Rehabilitation Revisited

  • Brewer B
  • Cornelius A
  • Van Raalte J
 et al. 
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Abstract

Tested the utility of protection motivation theory (PMT) in predicting adherence to sport injury rehabilitation. This study was designed to address some of the limitations of a previous study by A. H. Taylor and S. May (1996) by using (1) a sample of participants that was homogenous with respect to injury type and rehabilitation protocol, and (2) continuous indices of adherence to both home- and clinic-based rehabilitation activities. 85 patients (mean age 27.25 yrs) who were undergoing rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction participated. All patients were being guided through the same rehabilitation protocol at the same outpatient physical therapy clinic. Patients completed measures of the PMT components (perceived injury severity, perceived susceptibility to further complications without rehabilitation, belief in the efficacy of the treatment, and rehabilitation self-efficacy) and adherence to both home- and clinic-based rehabilitation activities. Findings augment Taylor and May (1996) in providing support for PMT as a viable framework for understanding adherence to home-based sport injury rehabilitation activities, and they extend the application of PMT to adherence to clinic-based sport injury rehabilitation activities. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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Authors

  • Britton W. Brewer

  • Allen E. Cornelius

  • Judy L. Van Raalte

  • Albert J. Petitpas

  • Joseph H. Sklar

  • Mark H. Pohlman

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