Pseudocraters on Mars

  • Frey H
  • Lowry B
  • Chase S
  • 14

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Abstract

In the Cydonia region of southern Acidalium Planitia are small, low-relief, apparently volcanic domelike structures, whose size, morphology, and general occurrence suggest they are martian analogs of terrestrial pseudocraters, a type of phreatic eruption. Average base diameters are about 800 m, which is somewhat larger than typical Icelandic examples. All the domes have summit pits; elongate domes generally have elongate summit pits or, in extreme cases, double pits. The greatest concentration of these domes is in a region of subdued fractured plains which may be old volcanic flows. Pseudocraters on the earth are produced when lava flows over water-logged ground. On Mars surface or subsurface ice was the likley medium that produced the steam eruptions resulting in cratered domelike structures on the lava surfaces.

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Authors

  • H. Frey

  • B. L. Lowry

  • S. A. Chase

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