We are gaining experience in small intestine transplantation, however, the procedure is still experimental. Morbidity and mortality can be significant with frequent rehospitalizations. The indications for small intestine transplantation are varied though most patients have developed short gut syndrome requiring total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for nutritional support. Patients may present with a chronic illness (such as Crohn's disease), chronic pain, and psychiatric comorbidity that may need to be addressed during the perioperative period. Faced with the complicated postoperative course, transplant recipients develop a range of endogenous and organic psychiatric disorders. Psychiatric treatment may be complicated by these factors in addition to the nutritional, biochemical, and metabolic abnormalities of a transplanted small intestine.
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