Journal article

Psychological empowerment: Issues and illustrations

Zimmerman M ...see all

American Journal of Community Psychology, vol. 23, issue 5 (1995) pp. 581-599 Published by Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers

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Discussed several issues related to psychological empowerment. The thesis of this paper is that the development of a universal and global measure of psychological empowerment may not be a feasible or appropriate goal. I begin by distinguishing between empowerment processes and outcomes. Underlying assumptions are discussed including the notion that empowerment differs across people, contexts, and times. A nomological network that includes intrapersonal, interactional, and behavioral components is also presented. Two examples of psychological empowerment for voluntary service organization members and members of a mutual help organization are described to help illustrate differences in the specific variables that may be used to measure psychological empowerment in different populations and settings.

Author-supplied keywords

  • empowerment theory
  • measurement
  • psychological empowerment

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  • Marc A. Zimmerman

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