Psychometric properties of scores on three black racial identity scales

  • Simmons C
  • Worrell F
  • Berry J
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In this study, we examined the internal consistency and the structural validity of scores on the African Self-Consciousness Scale (ASCS), the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity (MIBI), and the Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS). Participants consisted of 225 African American college students--75 attending predominantly White institutions (PWIs) and 150 attending historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs). Internal consistency estimates were above .60 for scores on one ASCS subscale, six MIBI subscales, and six CRIS subscales. Exploratory factor analytic procedures supported a two-factor structure for ASCS scores, a five-factor structure for MIBI scores, and a six-factor structure for CRIS scores. Implications for Black racial identity and scale development are discussed.

Author-supplied keywords

  • African Self-Consciousness Scale
  • Black racial identity
  • Cross Racial Identity Scale
  • Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity
  • Validity

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  • Crystal Simmons

  • Frank C. Worrell

  • Jane M. Berry

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