Psychosocial factors associated with noncardiac chest pain and cardiac syndrome X

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Cardiac syndrome X, the triad of angina pectoris, positive exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) for myocardial ischemia and angiographically smooth coronary arteries, is associated with increased psychological morbidity, debilitating symptomatology and a poor quality of life. Patients with noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) are often similarly affected. The psychological morbidity noted among this patient population has been linked with a number of psychosocial factors, including impaired social support, traumatic life events, the negative impact of menopause among female sufferers, and an awareness of a family history of coronary heart disease (CHD). Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), group support, physical activity and relaxation techniques have been investigated as treatments for psychological morbidity among this patient group with varying degrees of success. While clinicians should be aware of the psychological aspect of patients with NCCP and cardiac syndrome X, further research is needed in order to establish a comprehensive physiological and psychological treatment regimen. © Urban & Vogel 2005.

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Social Psychology
  • *syndrome X/dm [Disease Management]
  • *thorax pain
  • Behavior Therapy
  • Chronic Disease/th [Therapy]
  • Chronic Pain/th [Therapy]
  • Cognition
  • Exercise
  • Family History
  • Meditation
  • Menopause
  • Morbidity
  • Physical Activity
  • Quality of Life
  • Risk Assessment
  • ST segment depression
  • Social Isolation
  • Social Support
  • article
  • cancer/th [Therapy]
  • heart infarction
  • human
  • ischemic heart disease/th [Therapy]
  • outcomes research
  • psychosocial care
  • relaxation training

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  • Asbury E.A.

  • Collins P.

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