The Psychosocial Factors Related to Obesity: A Study Among Overweight, Obese, and Morbidly Obese Women in India

  • Agrawal P
  • Gupta K
  • Mishra V
 et al. 
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Psychosocial factors among overweight, obese, and morbidly obese women in Delhi, India were examined. A follow-up survey was conducted of 325 ever-married women aged 20–54 years, systemat-ically selected from 1998–99 National Family Health Survey sam-ples, who were re-interviewed after 4 years in 2003. Information on day-to-day problems, body image dissatisfaction, sexual dis-satisfaction, and stigma and discrimination were collected and anthropometric measurements were obtained from women to com-pute their current body mass index. Three out of four overweight women (BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m 2) were not happy with their body image, compared to four out of five obese women (BMI of 30 kg/m 2 or greater), and almost all (95 percent) morbidly obese women (BMI of 35 kg/m 2 or greater) (p < .0001). It was found P. Agrawal et al. that morbidly obese and obese women were five times (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 5.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.02–13.81, p < .001) and two times (aOR 2.30, 95% CI 1.20–4.42, p < .001), respectively, as likely to report day-to-day problems; twelve times (aOR 11.88, 95% CI 2.62–53.87, p < .001) and three times, respec-tively, as likely (aOR 2.92, 95% CI 1.45–5.88, p = .001) to report dissatisfaction with body image; and nine times (aOR 9.41, 95% CI 2.96–29.94, p < .001) and three times (aOR 2.93, 95% CI 1.03–8.37, p = .001), respectively, as likely to report stigma and discrimination as overweight women.

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  • Praween Agrawal

  • Kamla Gupta

  • Vinod Mishra

  • Sutapa Agrawal

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