Psychosocial Safety Climate as a Management Tool for Employee Engagement and Performance: A Multilevel Analysis

  • Idris M
  • Dollard M
  • Tuckey M
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Abstract

The current study investigated a multilevel model of learning opportunities, worker engagement, and performance. In particular we explored the effect of team-level psychosocial safety climate (PSC)—the climate for psychological health and safety— on individual level job resources (i.e., learning opportu-nities), engagement, and performance. Because organizational factors (i.e., PSC) precede the design of work conditions, we theorized that PSC plays an important role in engagement and performance by being related to the provision of learning opportunities, and the likelihood that they will be enacted. We expected that PSC would therefore invoke the (individual level) motivational pathway of the Job Demands-Resources model. Participants were 427 employees from 56 teams (each from a different organization) in Malaysia. Team level PSC was positively related to job engagement, medi-ated by learning opportunities; PSC was related to performance mediated by job engagement. Overall, our findings support the role of team level PSC as an antecedent to positive work conditions and outcomes.

Author-supplied keywords

  • engagement
  • learning opportunities
  • performance
  • psychosocial safety climate
  • work stress

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Authors

  • Mohd Awang Idris

  • Maureen F Dollard

  • Michelle R Tuckey

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