A PTAS for the continuous 1.5D Terrain Guarding Problem

  • Friedrichs S
  • Hemmer M
  • Schmidt C
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Abstract

In the continuous 1.5-dimensional terrain guarding problem we are given an $x$-monotone chain (the \emph{terrain} $T$) and ask for the minimum number of point guards (located anywhere on $T$), such that all points of $T$ are covered by at least one guard. It has been shown that the 1.5-dimensional terrain guarding problem is \NP-hard. The currently best known approximation algorithm achieves a factor of $4$. For the discrete problem version with a finite set of guard candidates and a finite set of points on the terrain that need to be monitored, a polynomial time approximation scheme (PTAS) has been presented [10]. We show that for the general problem we can construct finite guard and witness sets, $G$ and $W$, such that there exists an optimal guard cover $G^* \subseteq G$ that covers $T$, and when these guards monitor all points in $W$ the entire terrain is guarded. This leads to a PTAS as well as an (exact) IP formulation for the continuous terrain guarding problem.

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  • PUI: 603517135
  • arXiv: 1405.6564
  • SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84926034126
  • SGR: 84926034126

Authors

  • Stephan Friedrichs

  • Michael Hemmer

  • Christiane Schmidt

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