Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, vol. 127, issue 3 (2000) pp. 399-410
Uracil-DNA glycosylase (UDG; UNG) has been purified 17 000-fold from Atlantic cod liver (Gadus morhua). The enzyme has an apparent molecular mass of 25 kDa, as determined by gel filtration, and an isoelectric point above 9.0. Atlantic cUNG is inhibited by the specific UNG inhibitor (Ugi) from the Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage (PBS2), and has a 2-fold higher activity for single-stranded DNA than for double-stranded DNA. cUNG has an optimum activity between pH 7.0–9.0 and 25–50 mM NaCl, and a temperature optimum of 41°C. Cod UNG was compared with the recombinant human UNG (rhUNG), and was found to have slightly higher relative activity at low temperatures compared with their respective optimum temperatures. Cod UNG is also more pH- and temperature labile than rhUNG. At pH 10.0, the recombinant human UNG had 66% residual activity compared with only 0.4% for the Atlantic cUNG. At 50°C, cUNG had a half-life of 0.5 min compared with 8 min for the rhUNG. These activity and stability experiments reveal cold-adapted features in cUNG.
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