Quality of life among stroke survivors evaluated 1 year after stroke: Experience of a stroke unit

  • Carod-Artal J
  • Egido J
  • González J
 et al. 
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We sought to study overall and domain-specific quality of life in stroke survivors 1 year after stroke and to identify variables that could predict quality of life after stroke. METHODS We followed up for 1 year a cohort of 118 patients consecutively aditted to our stroke unit at San Carlos University Hospital in Madrid, Spain. The final series at 1-year follow-up consisted of 90 survivors (41 women and 49 men; mean age, 68 years; range, 32 to 90 years). A cross-sectional, descriptive design was developed. Patients completed a questionnaire that included socioeconomic variables, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), Short Form 36, Frenchay Index, Barthel Index, Rankin Scale, and Scandinavian Stroke Scale. Independent variables were sex, age, functional status, motor impairment, and depression. We developed an ANOVA model for statistical analysis. RESULTS We interviewed 79 patients with ischemic and 11 with hemorrhagic stroke. Thirty-eight percent of patients scored in the depressed range. Variables related to depression were status as a housewife, female sex, inability to work because of disability, and diminished social activity (P:

Author-supplied keywords

  • Disability evaluation
  • Quality of life
  • Stroke assessment
  • Stroke outcome

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  • Javier Carod-Artal

  • José Antonio Egido

  • José Luis González

  • E. Varelade Seijas

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