The rate of reduction of Fe20~ and FeO by coconut charcoal, coal char and coke, in an in- ert atmosphere within the temperature range 900 to 1200°C was investigated. The effects of pressure, particle size, and the amount of carbon were determined. The results indi- cate that the reaction takes place by means of the gaseous intermediates CO and COs, and that the overall rate is controlled by the oxidation of the carbon by COs. The rates of reduction of FeO and Fe203 by CO are relatively fast, and the COJCO ratio for the oxidation of carbon is determined by their equilibria. The reduction of FesO3 by carbon is accomplished in two stages, with FeO forming first. The reduction of Fe203 to FeO is faster than that of FeO to Fe because its CO27CO equilibrium ratio is higher and hence the rate of oxidation of carbon is faster. A direct comparison was made between the rate constants for the reduction of FeO by carbon and those for the oxidation of car- bon in the appropriate COs-CO gas mixtures, and they are in good agreement. Apparently the iron formed by the reduction does not significantly catalyze the oxidation of carbon; whereas for the reduction of NiO by carbon, the Ni formed does catalyze the oxidation of carbon.
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