Rational design of the microtubule-targeting anti-breast cancer drug EM015

  • Aneja R
  • Lopus M
  • Zhou J
 et al. 
  • 17

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 40

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

We studied in silico docking of noscapine onto tubulin, combined with calculations of surface charge, pi-pi, van der Waals, and hydrogen bonding interactions, to rationally design a new compound, EM015. This tubulin-binding semisynthetic compound is a selective and potent anti-breast cancer agent and displays a 20-fold lower IC(50) against many tumor cells compared with our founding compound, (S)-6,7-dimethoxy-3-((R)-4-methoxy-6-methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro[1,3]-dioxolo-[4,5-g]isoquinolin-5-yl)isobenzo-furan-1(3H)-one (noscapine). Furthermore, EM015 is also effective against a variety of drug-resistant cells. Surprisingly, the cell cycle profile of nontumorigenic normal cells is not affected. Many antimicrotubule cancer drugs in clinic today, particularly taxanes and Vincas, face challenges including frequent visits to the hospital for prolonged i.v. infusions, toxicities, and tumor recurrences due to drug resistance. EM015, on the other hand, is orally available, regresses breast tumor xenografts in nude mice models, and increases longevity. Furthermore, we have failed to observe any detectable toxicity in tissues, such as liver, kidney, spleen, lung, heart, and brain, as well as neurons, which are common targets of antimicrotubule drug therapy. Thus, EM015 has a great promise in the clinic.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Get full text

Authors

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free