Reading Pseudohomophones: Implications for Models of Pronunciation Assembly and the Locus of Word-Frequency Effects in Naming

  • McCann R
  • Besner D
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Pronunciation performance under speeded conditions was examined for various kinds of letter strings, including pseudohomophones (e.g., TRAX), their real word counterparts (e.g., TRACKS), and a set of nonword controls (e.g., PRAX). Experiment 1 yielded a pronunciation advantage for the pseudohomophones relative to the controls, which was largest among items having few or no orthographic neighbors. Experiment 2 ruled out an account of the pseudohomophone advantage based on differences between pseudohomophones and controls in initial phonemes. Experiment 3 established the existence of a large frequency effect on pronunciation of the base words themselves. These results suggest that whole word representations in the phonological output lexicon are consulted in the course of assembling a pronunciation and that representations in a phonological output lexicon are insensitive to word frequency. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2000 APA, all rights reserved)(unassigned)

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  • Robert S. McCann

  • Derek Besner

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