Rearing techniques for Dacus latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae)

  • Vargas R
  • Mitchell S
  • Fujita B
 et al. 
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Abstract

Simple, low cost techniques and equipment were developed for large-scale production of Dacus latifrons. An artificial wheat diet was modified for use as a production diet by adding carrot powder (7.5% by vol), which significantly increased pupal yield and adult fecundity, and citric acid (0.35%), which controlled fungal contamination encountered during large-scale rearing. A new oviposition device, enclosable larval rearing trays, a larval collection cabinet and specialised pupal holding procedures are described. During a 1-year period, 7 611 040 D. latifrons pupae were produced from 25 714 344 fertile eggs in less than 77 msuperscript 2 of space in 120 working h/week to support commodity treatment, attractant screening and sterile insect release method research programmes

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adult
  • Bactrocera latifrons
  • Dacus
  • Dacus latifrons
  • Daucus carota
  • Diptera
  • Eggs
  • Fruit
  • Laboratories
  • Larval rearing
  • Research
  • Tephritidae
  • Triticum
  • USA
  • USDA
  • agricultural entomology
  • attractant
  • biology
  • carrots
  • citric acid
  • collection
  • commodities
  • contamination
  • diet
  • diets
  • egg
  • equipment
  • fecundity
  • fertile
  • insect
  • insect pests
  • laboratory
  • method
  • oviposition
  • period
  • pests
  • production
  • pupae
  • pupal yield
  • rearing
  • rearing techniques
  • release
  • reproduction
  • screening
  • space
  • sterile insect
  • sterile insect release
  • techniques
  • treatment
  • wheat
  • yield

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Authors

  • R I Vargas

  • S Mitchell

  • B Fujita

  • C Albrecht

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