Despite significant progress in the study of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection over the past few years, it still remains a leading cause of death throughout the world. The field of antiretrovirals is dramatically growing. 25 antiretroviral drugs have been approved by the US-FDA till date. The development of newer antiretrovirals has dramatically altered the progression of the disease and has improved the quality of life in many HIV-infected patients. Over the last two years, three novel antiretroviral drugs, maraviroc (CCR5 antagonist), raltegravir (integrase inhibitor) and etravirine (a second generation non nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor) have been approved by the FDA and several others are in the pipeline. This review discusses the pharmacology of the three novel antiretroviral agents. Drugs which are currently in the pipeline and the latest HIV treatment guidelines have also been addressed.
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