Regimes of quantum degeneracy in trapped 1D gases

  • Petrov D
  • Shlyapnikov G
  • Walraven J
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We discuss the regimes of quantum degeneracy in a trapped 1D gas and obtain the diagram of states. Three regimes have been identified: the BEC regimes of a true condensate and quasicondensate, and the regime of a trapped gas of Tonks (gas of impenetrable bosons). The presence of a sharp cross-over to the BEC regime requires extremely small interaction between particles. We discuss how to distinguish between true and quasicondensates in phase coherence experiments.

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  • D. S. Petrov

  • G. V. Shlyapnikov

  • J. T M Walraven

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