Relapse prevention for alcohol and drug problems: That was Zen, this is Tao.

  • Witkiewitz K
  • Marlatt G
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This reprinted article originally appeared in American Psychologists, 2004, Vol 59(4), 224-235. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2004-14303-002.) Relapse prevention, based on the cognitive-behavioral model of relapse, has become an adjunct to the treatment of numerous psychological problems, including (but not limited to) substance abuse, depression, sexual offending, and schizophrenia. This article provides an overview of the efficacy and effectiveness of relapse prevention in the treatment of addictive disorders, an update on recent empirical support for the elements of the cognitive-behavioral model of relapse, and a review of the criticisms of relapse prevention. In response to the criticisms, a reconceptualized cognitive-behavioral model of relapse that focuses on the dynamic interactions between multiple risk factors and situational determinants is proposed. Empirical support for this reconceptualization of relapse, the future of relapse prevention, and the limitations of the new model are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)(chapter)

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  • Katie Witkiewitz

  • G Alan Marlatt

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