The relationship of basic need satisfaction, motivational climate and personality to well-being and stress patterns among elite athletes: An explorative study

  • Lundqvist C
  • Raglin J
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Abstract

This study investigated whether need satisfaction, need dissatisfaction, motivational climate, perfectionism and self-esteem relate to athletes’ discrete profiles of hedonic and eudaimonic well-being and perceived stress. Participants were 103 elite active orienteers (49 men and 54 women; mean age = 22.3 ± 4.4) who clustered into three distinctive well-being and stress patterns: Cluster 1 (lower well-being/higher stress; n = 26), Cluster 2 (higher well-being/lower stress; n = 39), and Cluster 3 (moderate well-being/moderate stress; n = 36). Cluster 1 and 2 constituted distinct well-being/stress profiles and differed significantly (p < .01) in mastery-oriented climate, need satisfaction, need dissatisfaction, perfectionistic concerns and self-esteem scores. A discriminant analysis showed these five variables to correctly assign 88 % of Cluster 1 and 2 participants into their respective groups, although mastery-oriented climate was revealed as a less influential indicator (function loading < .40). The substantial function loading of need dissatisfaction supports the importance of assessing both need satisfaction and dissatisfaction as they contribute uniquely to well-being. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). (journal abstract)

Author-supplied keywords

  • Elite orienteers
  • Emotions
  • Mental health
  • Positive psychology
  • Psychological functioning

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Authors

  • Carolina Lundqvist

  • John S. Raglin

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