The relationship between group cohesion, group norms, and perceived social loafing in soccer teams

  • Høigaard R
  • Säfvenbom R
  • Tønnessen F
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between group cohesion, group norms, and perceived social loafing among 118 soccer play- ers playing junior league in Norway. Each player completed a questionnaire assessing group cohesion (task cohesion and social cohesion), team norms (productive norms, role involvement, and social support norms), and per- ceived social loafing. As predicted, all cohesion- and team-norm subscales were negatively correlated with perceived social loafing. Furthermore, the results showed that the players’ attraction to their team’s task as well as their perception of the productive- and social-support norm predicted perceptions of social loafing. A significant three-way interaction between task cohesion, social cohesion, and performance norm emerged. The analysis showed that the combination of high social cohesion, low task cohesion, and low team norms seems to underlie perceptions of social loafing. Keywords:

Author-supplied keywords

  • Group cohesion
  • Perceived social loafing
  • Team cohesion

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