Renewable elastomers based on blends of maleated polypropylene and plasticized starch

  • DeLeo C
  • Goetz J
  • Young B
 et al. 
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Abstract

Most recent developments in polymers from renewable resources have focused on thermoplastics, whereas there has been no comparable development of plastics with elastomeric properties. Here we evaluate the possibility of developing renewable elastomers based on starch. Potato starch plasticized with glycerol. (called plasticized starch, or PLS) was melt-blended with small quantities (5 wt %, or 15 wt%) of maleated polypropylene (MAPP). The maleic anhydride groups of the polypropylene are expected to react with the hydroxy groups of starch under melt blending conditions. The resulting blends of MAPP and PLS were characterized by mechanical testing, SEM, DMA, and DSC. SEM, solubility and adhesion tests indicate that the blends are two-phase materials, in which the continuous phase PLS is physically crosslinked by polypropylene domains. The materials showed rubbery properties as judged by a low glass transition temperature (similar to-50 degrees C independent of polypropylene content), and a wide rubbery plateau in DMA experiments that extended from room temperature to as high as 170 degrees C. The tensile properties are also characteristic of elastomers. However, slow aging due to starch crystallization, and extraction of glycerol upon water exposure remain two challenges that must be overcome before the materials can be used as practical elastomers. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 116: 1775-1781, 2010

Author-supplied keywords

  • Biodegradable polymers
  • Elastomers
  • Plasticized starch
  • Renewable polymers
  • Thermoplastic starch

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Authors

  • Candice DeLeo

  • James Goetz

  • Brian Young

  • Sachin S. Velankar

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