A study reviewed 20 years of research to answer some of the questions relating to the effectiveness of abstinence-only versus abstinence-plus sexuality education. Results did not reveal sufficient evidence to determine whether various types of abstinence-only sexuality education programs actually delayed the onset of sexual intercourse or had other positive effects on participants' sexual and contraceptive behavior. However, a large number of studies demonstrated that abstinence-plus programs that emphasized both abstinence and use of contraceptives could delay the onset of intercourse, reduce its frequency and the number of sexual partners, increase use of condoms, and increase use of contraceptives. Other results of the study are discussed, and recommendations for schools are provided.
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