Resilience and unemployment: Exploring risk and protective influences for the outcome variables of depression and assertive job searching

  • Moorhouse A
  • Caltabiano M
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This study examined adult resilience in the context of the adversity of
unemployment. Seventy-seven unemployed job seekers completed a
self-report survey containing the Resilience Scale (G. M. Wagnild & H.
M. Young, 1993), Centre for Epidemiologic Studies-Depressed Mood Scale
(L. S. Radloff, 1977), and the Assertive Job Hunting Survey (H. A.
Becker, 1980). Product-term regression indicated that for those
unemployed persons who had resilient qualities, less depression resulted
even though they had been job searching for a long time (beta = -.359, p
< .001). Length of time job searching was positively associated with
depression (beta = .41, p < .01). When the outcome variable was job
search assertiveness, only the main effect of resilience (beta = .492, p
< .001) was significant, accounting for 25.8% of the variance. The
inclusion of psychological interventions to foster resilience, along
with standard job search training provided by job network services, is

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  • Anne Moorhouse

  • Marie L. Caltabiano

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