Response to H.C. Howland, "Orbital orientation is not visual orientation"

  • Changizi M
  • Shimojo S
  • 11


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 1


    Citations of this article.


Our hypothesis predicts that mammals outside of leafy environments should have small binocular fields, independent of the size of the animal; but it predicts that for animals in leafy environments, whereas small animals should have small binocular fields (because their interpupillary distance is small compared to the typical occlusion width), large animals should have large binocular fields (because the binocular region begins to become more powerful at object recognition). Our paper provided evidence consistent with these predictions.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Mark Changizi

  • Shinsuke Shimojo

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free