Resuscitation from cardiac arrest in cats: influence of epinephrine dosage on brain recovery

  • Schmitz B
  • Fischer M
  • Bockhorst K
 et al. 
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The quality of brain recovery after cardiac arrest depends crucially on the speed of cardiac resuscitation because the low cerebral perfusion pressure during the resuscitation procedure facilitates the development of no-reflow. To accelerate return of spontaneous circulation, high dose epinephrine has been recommended but the effect on the dynamics of early brain recovery is still unknown. We, therefore, studied the dynamics of brain resuscitation after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with standard and high dose epinephrine using non-invasive NMR techniques. Fifteen min cardiac arrest was induced in normothermic cats by ventricular fibrillation. CPR was performed using an inflatable pneumatic vest for cyclic chest compression. With the beginning of CPR the standard dose group received 0.02 mg/kg epinephrine (n = 6) and the high dose group received 0.2 mg/kg (n = 8). Brain recovery was monitored by magnetic resonance imaging of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of water for 3 h. Although high dose epinephrine treatment led to a significantly higher blood pressure during early reperfusion, rapidly changing heterogeneities of early brain recovery were observed in both groups. High dose epinephrine thus does not improve the quality of post-cardiac arrest brain recovery during the first 3 h of reperfusion. © 1995.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Brain recovery
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Cat
  • Diffusion-weighted imaging
  • Epinephrine
  • Resuscitation

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  • kurt bockhorstHealth Science Center - Houston - University of Texas Health Science Center Houston

  • Bernd Schmitz

  • Matthias Fischer

  • Mathias Hoehn-Berlage

  • Konstantin Alexander Hossmann

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