Reversal of rivaroxaban anticoagulation by haemostatic agents in rats and primates

  • Perzborn E
  • Gruber A
  • Tinel H
 et al. 
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Abstract

Rivaroxaban is an oral, direct factor Xa inhibitor for the management of thromboembolic disorders. Despite its short half-life, the ability to reverse rivaroxaban anticoagulation could be beneficial in life-threatening emergencies. The potential of prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC; Beriplex®), activated PCC (aPCC; FEIBA®) or recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa; NovoSeven®) to reverse rivaroxaban in rats and baboons was investigated. Anaesthetised rats pre-treated with intravenous rivaroxaban (2 mg/kg) received intravenous rFVIIa (100/400 μg/kg), PCC (25/50 U/kg) or aPCC (50/100 U/kg) after initiation of bleeding. Clotting times and bleeding times (BTs) were recorded. Rivaroxaban was administered as an intravenous 0.6 mg/kg bolus followed by continuous 0.6 mg/kg/hour infusion in baboons. Animals received intravenous aPCC 50 U/kg (2 U/kg/minute) or rFVIIa 210 μg/kg. BT and clotting parameters were measured. In rats pretreated with high-dose rivaroxaban, PCC 50 U/kg, aPCC 100 U/kg and rFVIIa 400 μg/kg significantly reduced BT vs rivaroxaban alone (5.4 ± 1.4-fold to 1.5 ± 0.4-fold [p

Author-supplied keywords

  • Baboons
  • Prothrombin complex concentrate
  • Rats
  • Recombinant factor Viia
  • Rivaroxaban

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Authors

  • Elisabeth Perzborn

  • András Gruber

  • Hanna Tinel

  • Ulla M. Marzec

  • Ulf Buetehorn

  • Anja Buchmuelle

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