Risk assessment of violence among the mentally disordered: Generating useful knowledge

  • Monahan J
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Abstract

Four types of problems plague empirical research on the assessment of the violence potential of the mentally disordered, involving factors used to forecast whether violence will occur, those used to determine whether violence has occurred, the designs used to test risk assessments, & the coordination of research efforts in the field. To avoid these problems, researchers should: (1) assess patients in multiple domains; (2) develop new measures to assess factors that appear theoretically relevant to violent behavior but for which no adequate measures currently exist; (3) reflect precise DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria; (4) chronicle the availability & type of aftercare available to released patients & the extent to which they have complied with clinical recommendations; & (5) record clinical judgments at several points in time. In addition, future research on risk assessment should strengthen the set of criterion variables studies, & should be collaborative. Researchers should coordinate prospective risk assessment studies in several sites using common predictor & criterion variables, & a common research design. 40 References. Modified AA

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  • John Monahan

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