Risk Factors for Depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): The Case of Arab and Muslim Americans Post-9/11

  • Abu-Ras W
  • Abu-Bader S
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Abstract

This study examines the association between individual, demo-graphic, and sociocultural variables as predictor factors for depres-sion and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among 350 Arab and Muslim Americans in the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. A multiple regression statistical analysis was utilized to examine the factors contributing to depression and PTSD among the study sample. Results indicate that age, education, marital sta-tus, access to support, and having children were the most important variables in predicting depression and PTSD among the study sam-ple. Findings may provide the needed knowledge for practitioners and community service providers in assisting Arab and Muslim American victims in coping with trauma and may help in bridg-ing formal and informal support systems that promote culture in a nondiscriminatory and mutually respectful environment.

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Authors

  • Wahiba Abu-Ras

  • Soleman H. Abu-Bader

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