Robots as New Media: A Cross-Cultural Examination of Social and Cognitive Responses to Robotic and On-Screen Agents

  • Kazuhiko Shinozawa
  • Byron Reeves P
  • Kevin Wise S
 et al. 
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Social responses to lifelike characters can significantly alter human evaluations of technology. This study tested the differences between a picture of an on-screen character interacting in three different contexts (retail purchase, health advice, reading survey) versus a three-dimensional robot conducting the same interactions off screen. A laboratory experiment (n=72) was conducted in the US and replicated in Japan which tested differences in social evaluations, credibility, and memory. Results showed significant interactions between nationality and embodiment across a range of social and cognitive responses including perceived credibility, perceived surveillance, memory, and valence. These results are interpreted within technological and cultural contexts.

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  • Kazuhiko Shinozawa

  • Professor Byron Reeves

  • So-Hye Lim Kevin Wise

  • Futoshi Naya Heidy Maldonado

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