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Journal article

Role conflict, role ambiguity, and burnout in nurses and physicians at a university hospital in Turkey

Tunc T, Kutanis R ...see all

Nursing & Health Sciences, vol. 11, issue 4 (2009) pp. 410-416

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Abstract

In many countries currently, health-care professionals experience burnout in their professional life. This study explored the relationship between burnout, and role conflict and role ambiguity in nurses and physicians at a university hospital in Turkey. The data were collected by questionnaires that included sociodemographic variables, Maslach's Burnout Inventory (MBI), and Rizzo's Role Conflict and Role Ambiguity Scales. Two hundred and fifty one health-care professionals (170 physicians and 81 nurses) responded to the survey. There was a strong positive correlation between the MBI and Rizzo's Role Conflict and Role Ambiguity Scales. The nurses showed significantly higher levels of role conflict, role ambiguity, and burnout compared to the physicians. A multiple regression analysis showed that role conflict and role ambiguity might help to explain the higher level of burnout experienced by the nurses compared to the physicians. Future research is needed to develop preventive measures for the burnout of health-care professionals. TS - RIS

Author-supplied keywords

  • Academic Medical Centers
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Burnout
  • Coefficient Alpha
  • Convenience Sample
  • Data Analysis Software
  • Demography
  • Descriptive Statistics
  • Job Characteristics
  • Linear Regression
  • Multiple Linear Regression
  • Multiple Regression
  • Nursing Role
  • Pearson's Correlation Coefficient
  • Physician's Role
  • Physicians -- Turkey
  • Professional
  • Questionnaires
  • Role Conflict
  • Scales
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Staff Nurses -- Turkey
  • Summated Rating Scaling
  • Surveys
  • T-Tests
  • Turkey
  • Work Environment

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Authors

  • T Tunc

  • R O Kutanis

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