The role of emotional responding and childhood maltreatment in the development and maintenance of deliberate self-harm among male undergraduates

  • Gratz K
  • Chapman A
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Despite recent findings indicating comparable rates of deliberate self-harm across gender (Gratz, Conrad,&Roemer, 2002; Klonsky, Oltmanns,&Turkheimer, 2003; Muehlenkamp & Gutierrez, 2004; Zoroglu et al., 2003), little research has examined the pathogenesis of self-harm among men. Thus, the present study sought to extend extant research by examining the environmental (i.e., aspects of childhood maltreatment) and individual (i.e., emotional inexpressivity, affect intensity/reactivity, and emotion dysregulation) risk factors associated with the development and maintenance of deliberate self-harm among male undergraduates (N ? 97). Results indicated that childhood physical abuse and emotion dysregulation distinguished men with frequent self-harm from men without a history of self-harm. Among men with a history of self-harm, emotion dysregulation was associated with more frequent self-harm. However, contrary to predictions, higher affect intensity/ reactivity was associated with less frequent self-harm.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Childhood abuse
  • Deliberate self-harm
  • Emotion dysregulation
  • Emotional responding
  • Risk factors
  • Self-injury

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  • Kim L. Gratz

  • Alexander L. Chapman

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