The Role of Negative Cognition, Intolerance of Uncertainty, Mindfulness, and Self-Compassion in Weight Regulation Among Male Army Recruits

  • Mantzios M
  • Wilson J
  • Linnell M
 et al. 
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that the intolerance of uncertainty may play a key role in the aetiology and maintenance of worry and generalized anxiety disorder.

AIMS: This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS), which had already been validated in French and English versions.

METHOD: In a large college student sample (N = 940), the factor analysis and regression analyses were performed on the IUS.

RESULTS: The IUS had excellent internal consistency (α = 0.90) and good test-retest reliability (r = 0.75) over a 5-week period. Factor analysis showed that the IUS had a four-factor solution. Finally, the regression analysis demonstrated that IU contributed significantly to worry, after controlling for demographic variables and levels of anxiety and depression.

CONCLUSIONS: The Chinese version of the IUS was a sound scale for assessing IU and the intolerance of uncertainty was an important influencing factor on worry.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Intolerance of uncertainty
  • Mindfulness
  • Negative automatic thoughts
  • Self-compassion
  • Weight regulation

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Authors

  • Michail Mantzios

  • Janet Clare Wilson

  • Maggie Linnell

  • Paul Morris

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