The role of prefrontal cortex in normal and disordered cognitive control: A cognitive neuroscience perspective

  • Braver T
  • Cohen J
  • Barch D
  • 2

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Abstract

The advent of cognitive neuroscience as a discipline has accelerated research on the functions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC). The cognitive neuroscience perspective has led to greater consideration and integration of multiple methodologies and research approaches. However, the greater focus on convergence between these different approaches and traditions has also revealed some of the conflicts between them, in terms of their traditional views of PFC function. This chapter attempts to reconcile these differences, by focusing on the potential computational mechanisms associated with storage, control, inhibition, and attention. It is suggested that a common set of computational mechanisms allow for PFC mediation of functions. The authors offer a review of past research which highlights the importance of the cognitive neuroscience approach by demonstrating how a single, integrated account of PFC function can capture a wide range of data from different methodologies and multiple populations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)

Author-supplied keywords

  • Cognitive Processes
  • Human
  • Neuropsychology & Neurology 2520
  • Neurosciences
  • Self Control
  • attention
  • cognitive control
  • cognitive neuroscience
  • computational mechanisms
  • control
  • inhibition
  • prefrontal cortex
  • storage

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Authors

  • T S Braver

  • J D Cohen

  • Deanna M Barch

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