Safety of influenza vaccination in allergic children

  • Bierman C
  • Shapiro G
  • Pierson W
 et al. 
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One hundred forty-two allergic children aged three to 18 years were studied for evaluation of the usefulness of skin testing with influenza vaccine as a means of identifying those children who could be immunized safely despite their allergies to chickens, eggs, or feathers. One hundred twenty-eight children were fully immunized with bivalent influenza A/New Jersey/76-A/Victoria/75 vaccine. Twelve children had positive skin tests and were not immunized, and two developed positive skin tests after their first injection. One child had urticaria 8 hr later, one had a nonspecific reaction, and one had a self-limited erythema multiforme reaction eight days after the second injection. All others tolerated the procedure well. History of sensitivity to eggs was not as reliable an indication of vaccine sensitivity as skin testing with vaccine. A negative result of an intradermal skin test with a 1:100 dilution of the vaccine in saline appeared to be a reliable indicator of allergic subjects who could be immunized against influenza without fear of life-threatening acute allergic reactions.

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  • C. Warren Bierman

  • Gail G. Shapiro

  • William E. Pierson

  • John W. Taylor

  • Hjordis M. Foy

  • John P. Fox

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