SAS1B protein [ovastacin] shows temporal and spatial restriction to oocytes in several eutherian orders and initiates translation at the primary to secondary follicle transition

  • Pires E
  • Hlavin C
  • Macnamara E
 et al. 
  • 24


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 9


    Citations of this article.


Background: Sperm Acrosomal SLLP1 Binding (SAS1B) protein (ovastacin) is an oolemmal binding partner for the intra-acrosomal sperm protein SLLP1. Results: Immunohistochemical localization revealed that SAS1B translation is restricted among adult tissues to the ovary and oocytes, SAS1B appearing first in follicles at the primary-secondary transition. Quiescent oocytes within primordial follicles and primary follicles did not stain for SAS1B. Examination of neonatal rat ovaries revealed SAS1B expression first as faint signals in postnatal day 3 oocytes, with SAS1B protein staining intensifying with oocyte growth. Irrespective of animal age or estrus stage, SAS1B was seen only in oocytes of follicles that initiated a second granulosa cell layer. The precise temporal and spatial onset of SAS1B expression was conserved in adult ovaries in seven eutherian species, including nonhuman primates. Immunoelectron micrographs localized SAS1B within cortical granules in MII oocytes. A population of SAS1B localized on the oolemma predominantly in the microvillar region anti-podal to the nucleus in ovulated MII rat oocytes and on the oolemma in macaque GV oocytes. Conclusions: The restricted expression of SAS1B protein in growing oocytes, absence in the ovarian reserve, and localization on the oolemma suggest this zinc metalloprotease deserves consideration as a candidate target for reversible female contraceptive strategies. Developmental Dynamics, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Animal contraception
  • Astacin/ASTL/ovastacin/SAS1B
  • Fertilization
  • Oocyte biomarkers
  • Oocyte membrane proteins
  • Oostatin
  • Reversible contraceptive

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Eusebio S. Pires

  • Callie Hlavin

  • Ellen Macnamara

  • Khadijat Ishola-Gbenla

  • Christa Doerwaldt

  • Catherine Chamberlain

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free