Scalable low-cost SnS2 nanosheets as counter electrode building blocks for dye-sensitized solar cells

  • Bai Y
  • Zong X
  • Yu H
 et al. 
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Abstract

A new type of semitransparent SnS2 nanosheet (NS) films were synthesized using a simple and environmentally friendly solution-processed approach, which were subsequently used as a counter electrode (CE) alternative to the noble metal Pt for triiodide reduction in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The resultant SnS2 -based CE with a thickness of about 300 nm exhibited excellent electrochemical catalytic activity for catalyzing the reduction of triiodide and demonstrated comparable power conversion efficiency of 7.64 % with that of expensive Pt-based CE in DSSCs (7.71 %). When functionalized with a small amount of carbon nanoparticles, the SnS2 NS-based CE showed even better performance of 8.06 % than Pt under the same conditions. Considering the facile fabrication method, optical transparency, low cost, and remarkable catalytic property, this study on SnS2 NSs may shed light on the large-scale production of electrocatalytic electrode materials for low-cost photovoltaic devices.

Author-supplied keywords

  • dye-sensitized solar cells
  • efficient counter electrode
  • nanostructures
  • photochemistry

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