Scheduling and capacity estimation in LTE

  • Osterbo O
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Due to the variation of radio condition in LTE the obtainable bitrate for active users will vary. The two most important factors for the radio conditions are fading and pathloss. By including both fast fading and shadowing and attenuation due to distance we have developed analytical models to investigate obtainable bitrates for the basic resource unit in LTE. In addition we estimate the total cell throughput/capacity by taking scheduling into account. Particularly, the cell throughput is investigated for three types of scheduling algorithms; Round Robin, Proportional Fair and Max SINR (signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio) were also fairness among users is part of the analysis. In addition models for cell throughput/capacity for a mixture of Guaranteed Bit Rate (GBR) and Non-GBR greedy users are derived. Numerical examples show that multi-user gain is large for the Max-SINR algorithm, but also the Proportional Fair algorithm gives relative large gain relative to plain Round Robin. The Max-SINR has the weakness that it is highly unfair when it comes to capacity distribution among users. Further, the model visualize that use of GBR with high rates may cause problems in LTE due to the high demand for radio resources for users with low SINR, i.e. at cell edge. Hence, for GBR sources the allowed guaranteed rate should be limited.

Author-supplied keywords

  • GBR
  • LTE
  • capacity estimation
  • scheduling

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  • Olav Osterbo

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