Screening of bacteria which convert gonyautoxin 2, 3 to saxitoxin.

  • Kotaki Y
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Abstract

Bacteria were isolated from the following sources: the viscera of gastropod Turbo argyrostonia, the viscrea of crabs Lriphia scabricula and Atergatis floridus, and a red alga Jania sp. collected from coral reefs in Okinawa Prefecture; intestines of a mussel Mytilus edulis, the scallop Patinopecten yessoensis, the oyster Crassostrea gigas, and the ascidian fialocynihia roretzi collected along the coast of Miyagi Prefecture; and water from hot spring sewers and rice-field soil of Miyagi Pre fecture. Bacteria were grown in four different culture media.2). The toxin conversion rates were relatively high with the bacteria from coral reefs (2.5-61.8%, Av. 27.5%) but were low with the bacteria from the tem perate environments (1.5-13.0%, Av. 6.4%).

Author-supplied keywords

  • Bacteria
  • Biotransformation
  • GTX
  • PST
  • STX

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Authors

  • Yuichi Kotaki

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