Seawater chemistry and the advent of biocalcification

  • Brennan S
  • Lowenstein T
  • Horita J
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Abstract

Major ion compositions of primary fluid inclusions from terminal Proterozoic (ca. 544 Ma) and Early Cambrian (ca. 515 Ma) marine halites indicate that seawater Ca2+ concentrations increased approximately threefold during the Early Cambrian. The timing of this shift in seawater chemistry broadly coincides with the "Cambrian explosion," a brief drop in marine 87Sr/86Sr values, and an increase in tectonic activity, suggesting a link between the advent of biocalcification, hydrothermal mid-ocean-ridge brine production, and the composition of seawater. The Early Cambrian surge in oceanic [Ca2+] was likely the first such increase following the rise of metazoans and may have spurred evolutionary changes in marine biota. © 2004 Geological Society of America.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Biomineralization
  • Cambrian explosion
  • Evaporites
  • Fluid inclusions
  • Seawater

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