Seismic performance of benchmark base-isolated bridges with superelastic Cu-Al-Be restraining damping device

  • Zhang Y
  • Hu X
  • Zhu S
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Abstract

Abstract Vibration-based damage detection (VBDD) comprises a promising set of techniques for damage detection and health monitoring of civil engineering structures. However, the successful application of these methods to real structures is still a challenging task, due primarily to the large size of such structures and the relatively high levels of variability in their dynamic response under operational load conditions. In this paper, a new methodology is introduced for the application of VBDD techniques, with the goal of enhancing their effectiveness for identifying and locating low damage levels and improving their applicability to the continuous or periodic health monitoring of structures. The basic features of the methodology include the use of a controlled and consistent excitation force, the use of operational deflection shapes (ODSs) at all measured frequency increments rather than only at natural frequencies, the use of a logarithmic scale for representing the ODS amplitudes at each frequency increment and the establishment of a threshold level for damage detection that accounts for experimental variability. The performance of the proposed methodology is verified and demonstrated by applying several Level 1 (damage detection) and Level 2 (damage localization) VBDD techniques using experimental data measured on a steel girder taken from a railway bridge. The proposed approach is shown to perform very well at detecting, locating and monitoring the growth of damage. Copyright 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

Author-supplied keywords

  • Base isolator
  • Bridge
  • Passive structural control
  • Seismic response
  • Shape memory alloy

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Authors

  • Songye ZhuThe Hong Kong Polytechnic University Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

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  • Yunfeng Zhang

  • Xiaobin Hu

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