Texture feature has been widely used in object recognition, image content analysis and many others. Among various approaches to texture feature extraction, Gabor filter has emerged as one of the most popular ones. Gabor filter-based feature extractor is in fact a Gabor filter bank defined by its parameters including frequencies, orientations and smooth parameters of Gaussian envelope. In the literature, different parameter settings have been suggested, and filter banks cre-ated by these parameter settings work well in general. From the perspective of pattern classification, however, filter banks thus designed may not be ideal. In the present study, we propose a new approach to Gabor filter bank design, by incor-porating feature selection, i.e. filter selection, into the design process. The merits of incorporating filter selection in filter bank design are twofold. Firstly, filter selection produces a compact Gabor filter bank and hence reduces computational complexity of texture feature extraction. Secondly, Gabor filter bank thus designed produces low-dimensional feature representation with improved sample-to-feature ratio, and this in turn leads to improved performance of texture clas-sification. Experiment results on benchmark datasets and a real application have demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed method.
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