Three experiments employed a modified version of the Stroop Color-Word Test to document some conditions under which attention may be differentially deployed. Ss were 66 undergraduates. Within limits, Ss chose either to selectively attend to a single stimulus or to distribute processing resources over several stimuli. Thus, attentional strategies may be actively chosen to suit prevailing conditions. Once established, these different modes of attending were themselves differentially open to strategic modulation.
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