Private security companies’ growing participation in U . S . and in- ternational military missions has raised concern about whether the private security industry is subject to sufficient controls. Industry self-regulation is often proposed as part of a multilayered frame- work of regulations to govern PSC s. But what can self-regulation contribute to regulation of the private security industry? This mat- ters because privatization in the security realm has moved beyond understandings of the proper breakdown of public and private functions concerning the use of force. This article assesseswhat self- regulation cancontribute to the control of this industry andwhether the private security industry lends itself to effective self-regulation. It concludes that the private security industry does not exhibit the ca- pacity to adopt and implement effective self-regulation on its own. If self-regulation is to complement state and international regulation, participation in the design and oversight of self-regulation must be broadened beyond private security companies alone.
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