Self-management problem solving for adolescents with type 1 diabetes: Intervention processes associated with an Internet program

  • Mulvaney S
  • Rothman R
  • Osborn C
 et al. 
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Abstract

Objective: Describe intervention processes associated with an Internet self-management problem solving program for adolescents with type 1 diabetes, and relate participant characteristics to program use. Methods: Forty-one adolescents with type 1 diabetes, aged 13-17, participated in an Internet intervention. Results: Participants reported psychosocial self-management barriers related to social issues (45%), time pressures (22%), and emotions (25%). Most adolescents (76%) completed the two guided problem solving cycles, and most (97%) problems were appropriate and specific to diabetes. Of the 61 diabetes problems reported, 92% were mostly or completely solved. Baseline hemoglobin A1c, diabetes duration, and age were not related to online activities, however females posted more often to the forum (U= 130.0, Z= 2.13, p= .033). The majority of parents (87%) interacted with their child about the website. Conclusion: Adolescents experience psychosocial barriers to self-management that can be addressed by teaching problem solving via the Internet. Practice implications: An Internet self-management problem solving program with minimal external support provides a viable option for diabetes clinics to improve pediatric diabetes outcomes. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Coping
  • Feasibility
  • Internet
  • Problem solving
  • Problem-based learning
  • Self-management
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus

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Authors

  • Shelagh A. Mulvaney

  • Russell L. Rothman

  • Chandra Y. Osborn

  • Cindy Lybarger

  • Mary S. Dietrich

  • Kenneth A. Wallston

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